Military Personnel

What’s New in Military Personnel

A word from the team

Personnel are at the core of all defence and security activities.

Recruitment, retention, support, and well-being of Canada’s military members is critical, as is ensuring that the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) align with Canadian values of fair treatment, respect, and diversity.

Over the next seven years, we plan to examine core topics related to military personnel by engaging with a broad range of stakeholders across academia, government, the military, think tanks and civil society.

We will also organize a variety of events, including research workshops and mentoring activities.


This theme focuses on critical topics related to military personnel in the Canadian Armed Forces. Core topics will include recruitment and retention, military organizational culture and workforce diversity, personnel management and support of military members and their families, and key considerations related to the Total Defence Workforce, including integration of regular forces, reservists, and defence civilians

I believe that we can build people through their normal day to day activities. People who are inspired and like coming to work, [this] is key to the success of an organization. The relationships that people are building, feeling that what they do is important and that they are valued
— Brigadier-General Jennie Carignan


Irina Goldenberg: Co-Director of CDSN-RCDS & Acting Director Research Operational and Organizational Dynamics (DROOD) in the Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis (DGMPRA) in the Department of National Defence. Her research focuses on recruitment and retention in the armed forces and military-civilian personnel collaboration in defence organizations.

Stéfanie von Hlatky: Co-Director of CDSN-RCDS & Associate Professor of political studies at Queen’s University and the former Director of the Queen’s Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP). Her research focuses on NATO, military personnel, multinational interventions, and defence policy.

Stay tuned for details on our workshop:

Diversity Considerations for Recruitment and Retention

(April 2020)


  • Key considerations related to the Total Defence Workforce, including integration of regular forces, reservists, and defence civilians

  • Recruitment and retention, including emphasis on underrepresented groups

  • Military organizational cultures and directions for personnel management



The Centre for International and Defence Policy hosts academic research on military personnel at Queen’s University. With its dynamic team of fellows and students, the CIDP produces policy briefs and organizes targeted workshop that bring together the military and academic community.


The Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis (DGMPRA), within the Commander Military Personnel Command (CMPC), delivers a comprehensive personnel research program for the Department of National Defence (DND) and the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), addressing both strategic and operational research needs. DGMPRA’s program of research is aligned with CMPC priorities and Canada’s Defence Policy and aims to inform personnel policy and decision making to maximize operational and organizational effectiveness in the CAF and DND.

DGMPRA’s mission: To inform personnel policy and decision making in DND and the CAF by providing expert, objective, evidence-based advice to leadership.


The Total Defence Force Working Group of the European Research Group on Military and Society (ERGOMAS) will focus on the key considerations related to total defence workforces. Since most research has traditionally focused on regular force military personnel, gaps in research on personnel in the other components – that is, research focused on reservists, defence civilians, and contractors, is be a central focus of this WG. Key questions include: What is the right mix of these groups in delivering on the defence mandate? In what roles? How should they be optimally employed and integrated into a cohesive whole to meet the defence mandate? What is the role of culture, identity, and other relational issues in facilitating optimal whole force integration? What are the main personnel management factors affecting these workforces in defence organizations? Overall, what are the challenges and enablers both within and between these components, including both intergroup and intragroup topics? What are the best practices, strategies, programmes and policies for effective management related to Total Defence Forces?

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